8 Practical differences between Permanent Residence and Long Term EU Residence

8 Practical differences between Permanent Residence and Long Term EU Residence

As you may know, Permanent Residence permit and Long Term EU Residence have different lists of requirements. But are there any other differences in acquiring and using from each of these permits?

Today we list 8 practical differences between Permanent Residence and Long Term EU Residence:

Permanent Residence

Long Term EU Residence

May be granted only by Polish Authorities (still there may be similar permits in other countries)

May be granted by any EU country

Allows to stay legally in Poland for indefinitely, but you must replace your Karta Pobytu every 10 years

Allows to stay legally in Poland for indefinitely, but you must replace your Karta Pobytu every 5 years

Allows you to work in Poland indefinitely and without additional work permits

Allows you to work in an EU country that granted you this permit (i.e. if granted in Poland, it allows you to work in Poland indefinitely without additional work permits – but not in other EU countries)

You don’t have to pass any language exam to qualify

You have to pass a language exam on B1 level or graduate from Polish school/university

For the purpose of calculating required period of residence, only selected periods specified on the residence permit decision are counted

For the purpose of calculating required period of residence, most legal residence period are counted, including visa stay

In most cases, you don’t need a stable and constant source of income or a health insurance to qualify

You always need to have a stable constant source of income or a health insurance to qualify

You loose this permit when if you are granted Long Term EU Residence

You cannot receive Permanent Residence while you have this permit

According to ustawa o cudzoziemcach, the application procedure should be done within 3 months (exceeding this deadline by the authority may be subject to a complaint procedure)

According to general provisions of KPA, the application procedure should be done without unnecessary delay and within 1 month or in especially complicated cases – 2 months (exceeding this deadline by the authority may be subject to a complaint procedure)

Would you like to know more? Do you want to legalize your residence in Poland?

Feel free to contact us and take advantage of our services.

2 thoughts on “8 Practical differences between Permanent Residence and Long Term EU Residence”

  1. Based on given comparison, is there any benefit for long term eu residence card?
    Also, how to get permanent residence if one already has long term eu residence card?
    In path to citizenship, is there any consideration of long term eu residence card(if one already has it for many years)?

    • Hello Amit,
      here are some answers for your questions:
      1. If you know polish language, then you can quite easily get Long Term EU Residence, because most of your residence periods will be relevant for a 5-year residence requirement. In most cases the only reasonably possible way to get Permanant Residence is to marry a Polish citizen (of course there are more options for that but rarely anyone qualify), so it’s perceived as a harder to get. There aren’t many people who qualify for both permits, so in my opinion it’s not really a matter of comparing which one is better.
      2. You can’t get Permanent Residence if you have Long Term EU Residence. Even if you got one already and then you get a Long Term EU, you loose PE. Besides, there are no real practical advantages of PE, except for longer validity of a card.
      3. You may get Polish citizenship if you stay in Poland, having Long Term EU Residence permit for 10 years (it’s the same with Permanent Residence – 10 years).

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